Root canal therapy is an endodontic procedure that precisely involves removing the pulp from an infected tooth and restoring it with a dental filling. This process is performed on a tooth that is severely decayed.
Root canal therapy, though a very common process, is associated with many misconceptions. The process is not, in any way, painful or uncomfortable if it is done by a trained dental professional. During the process, the patient would be administered with anesthesia. The process is normally completed in a day or two, but if there are multiple root canals, it may require a few extra visits. It is rather a pain-relieving procedure and is considered as a last resort method of saving a badly infected tooth. The treated tooth would be restored using a crown, until which the patient must take care not to bite or chew anything close to it. This could result in tooth failure as it would be weak. But, once the crowning is done, you can bite and chew foods like normal.
There are a number of symptoms through which the need for root canal therapy can be detected. Some of them are as follows:
Firstly, a latex sheet known as a rubber dam is placed to isolate the infected tooth. Then, through a process of drilling on either the chewing side or tongue side of the tooth, through to where the pulp is present, the infected pulp is removed with the help of small files. Next, the measurement of the tooth is taken via specially designed instruments for the filling. The contaminants and bacteria are washed away using a jet of water. The tooth is shaped and kept dry for the root canal filling and sealers, after which a small amount of medication will be placed in the tooth to prevent reinfection. A permanent or temporary filling will be used to seal the opening used for the treatment. Lastly, as for a permanent restoration, a crown will be placed to prevent it from further infection or undergoing damage due to the forces applied to it.
Following are the reasons to opt for a root canal therapy
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